Causes And Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps

Causes And Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps

Causes And Symptoms of Menstrual Cramps - How To Treat Menstruation Naturally & Signs of Dysmenorrhea » Menstrual Cramps: Getting to Know It BetterMenstrual cramps or Dysmenorrhea is the pain experienced due to contraction of uterine muscles before or during the period. Contrary to popular belief, severe menstrual cramps are not normal, especially if they continue beyond the first few years of your first period or if you have suddenly started developing period pain in the later stage of your life; after experiencing quite painless periods earlier.

There are a lot of underlying causes which might lead to menstrual cramps and the pain which is experienced during this time can border from the annoying to the intense. Some women are not able to handle the pain and mostly need to take rest during this period; whereas others can play basketball and not feel a thing.

Symptoms of menstrual cramps are signified by a feeling of discomfort to acute pain in the lower abdomen which sometimes spread to the back, waist and hips and thighs. Sometimes when the pain borders on the unbearable, it can lead to nausea, vomiting and fatigue. Many experience bloating of the stomach just before the period starts, which returns to normal after the end of the period. Headaches and irritation are also some signs of Dysmenorrhea. The normal appetite also decreases due to the feeling of discomfort felt during this period.

Causes of menstrual pain can be of different kinds. The pain which is experienced in the initial couple of years of the first period is considered normal and does not need medical attention if it is bearable.

The release of blood during menstruation requires contractions of the uterine and pelvic muscles which are induced by the substances known as prostaglandins, and when the content of these substances are high, it causes more pain.

Another cause of menstrual pain could be presence of endometriosis in the uterus. This condition requires medical attention as it might lead to fertility and other problems if left unchecked. In some cases the opening of the cervix might be too small to allow the passing of menstrual fluid easily and this condition which is called cervical stenosis might be a cause for the pain.

Presence of non-cancerous tumors which usually grow inside the uterus walls and are called uterine fibroids might also be the cause of the menstrual cramps. If the pain has started quite suddenly and without any prior history, it might also be due to sexually transmitted bacterial infection which will require immediate medical attention.

Acute menstrual pain should not be ignored and needs to be brought to a gynecologist’s attention immediately to rule out any underlying anomalies which might be causing the pain. The gynecologist might decide to let you undergo a few tests like, ultrasound, CT scan, X-rays, Laparoscopy, internal examination etc depending on the signs and symptoms.

Once the cause has been identified the treatment will be started. If there are no fundamental causes, the doctor might prescribe some painkillers to relieve the pain during the first couple of days. Also it has been noticed that if the menstrual cramps are mild in nature and mainly due to the normal contraction of the uterine muscles, it usually disappears after marriage or child birth, mainly because the uterine passage broadens after sexual intercourse and after child birth and hence the flow becomes easier.

Taking a hot water bag at the abdomen and lower back, or taking a warm bath also helps to relieve the pain. Menstrual cramps should not be ignored if they have the tendency to interfere in your routine life, month after month and it is better to be always safe than sorry.

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