Causes of Glaucoma

Causes of Glaucoma

Causes of Glaucoma - Symptoms of Glaucoma - How to Prevent Glaucoma - What is Glaucoma | Tips on - Find TipsWhen the aqueous humor, the fluid responsible for nourishing our iris, cornea and lens is unable to drain out of our eyes, it builds up inside our eyes, increasing the intraocular pressure. The fluid build up presses the optical nerve, eventually damaging it and resulting in loss of vision. If left untreated, glaucoma results in blindness. However, if we are aware of the risks factors and symptoms of this disease, we can easily prevent it or have a timely cure.

Causes of Glaucoma

Hereditary
If anyone in your family have suffered from glaucoma in the past, then it is possible that you will develop this disease. If a parent had glaucoma, there is 20 percent chance for developing glaucoma and if a sibling had glaucoma, there is 50 percent chance of development of the disease.

Age
Advanced age often gives rise to glaucoma. There is 3 percent chance that people between 65 and 79 years might develop glaucoma and 14 percent chance for people above 80 having this disease.

Race
Glaucoma is found to be more prevalent among certain races. Blacks are most vulnerable to glaucoma. They are three to four time more prone to glaucoma than the Caucasians. Asians and Eskimos have greater chance of developing this disease than the Caucasians.

Medication
Prolonged used of certain topical steroids, such as cortisone and prednisone, can cause glaucoma.

Diseases
Certain ailments such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, morning headaches, lupus, hypertension, Crohn’s disease and nearsightedness or myopia can cause glaucoma.

Injury
Glaucoma may also result from a previous eye injury, which had damaged the drainage canals of the eye.

Symptoms of Glaucoma
Since overwhelming majority of glaucoma patients suffer from open angle glaucoma, there are no early warning signs of the disease. The patient only begins to notice the symptoms with the progression of the disease.

Small blind spots may appear at the periphery of the vision field, which gradually increases in size and spreads across the field of vision. Your vision will appear blurred. You will find it difficult to adjust in a dark room. When you see lights, a colored halo will appear around it. Your side vision will gradually decrease. You will be unable to see objects on your sides. In closed angle glaucoma, the above symptoms appear in more severe form, with nausea, eye pain and headache and rapid loss of sight.

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