Degenerative Diseases

Degenerative Diseases

Degenerative Diseases - What are Degenerative Diseases - Causes of Degenerative Diseases - | Tips on - Find TipsA degenerative disease involves the slow and progressive deterioration of the structure or function of the affected organ or tissues. It includes diseases of the heart, central nervous system and other vital organs of the human body. A few of them has been enlisted below:

1. Diseases of the heart

Nowadays diseases of the heart are becoming very common thanks to the hectic schedule and food habits that we follow.

Some of the common diseases of the heart are:

a. Arteriosclerosis

This is related to the coronary artery disease. In this, the arteries and arterioles become narrow and lose their elasticity due to the thickening of the fibrous tissue or deposition of cholesterol or calcium. In advanced stages of arteriosclerosis the rise in blood pressure may cause to rupture and let out blood. If it happens in the brain it may cause partial paralysis and the person is said to have had a cerebral hemorrhage.

b. Hypertension

When a person is stressed emotionally and suffers from nervous tension, the arterial walls contract and the blood pressure rises. Persistent high blood pressure is called hypertension. In that case the heart has to work harder to pump the blood. A common condition caused by hypertension is chronic nephritis.

c. Coronary Heart Diseases

If the coronary arteries become hardened and narrowed the heart does not receive the requisite blood. In that case the person feels severe pain in the chest and along the arms. Sometimes, the blood clots are also found to block an artery and then the blood is unable to go to the heart causing a heart attack in the person.

2. Diseases of the central nervous system

a. Alzheimer’s Disease

It is an incurable, degenerative disease that is a very common form of dementia. Around 26.6 million people worldwide suffer from this disease. The cause for this is not understood that well though research suggests that it may be related with plaques and tangles in the brain.

b. Parkinson’s disease

This is a chronic and progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system. It is a movement disorder where muscle rigidity, tremors, slowing or total loss of movement can be observed. In most cases the specific cause is not known while the lesser causes may be genetics, drugs or trauma of the head.

3. Diabetes

This involves two types; Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes insipidus. While Diabetes mellitus is characterized by the presence of excessive quantities of sugar in the blood and in the excretion of the urine, Diabetes insipidus is characterized by excessive urination but the urine does not contain any sugar.

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