Dehydration Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Dehydration Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Dehydration Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - Vomiting and Diarrhea » Diagnosis and treatment for DehydrationIn simple terms dehydration is the loss of water content in the body due to vomiting, sweating and diarrhea.

Symptoms:

In case of children, the symptoms are high fever, dryness of mouth and tongue, when the child cries there are no tears, sunken cheeks, abdomen and eyes, irritability, listlessness, when pinched the skin does not flatten, does not get wet for three hours or more.

In case of adults dry skin, fatigue, irritability, less urination and dark colored urine and thirst are some of the general symptoms of dehydration. Dehydration is a physical symptom and normally no pathological tests are involved.

Causes and effects of Dehydration:

Water plays a vital role in the regulation of body temperature; moving nutrients to various glands and tissues throughout the body, removing waste, lubricating joints and membranes and also helps in body metabolism.

When the body loses water suddenly due to vomiting, diarrhea, etc., it results in dehydration and this affects the entire body mechanism. When water is lost in the body, along with it the body also loses Electrolytes.

The Electrolytes are formed when salts dissolve in water or body fluids and they are very essential ingredients in the body.

Vomiting, dehydration, etc. are normally caused due to bacteria, virus or the effects of parasites. Whatever the reason for dehydration; if it is not treated properly, this would result in low blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, delirium and the patient may even slip into coma. Children are more prone to Dehydration.

Treatment:

The first step in the treatment of dehydration is restoration of water and electrolytes in the body. There are many Oral Rehydration Solutions (ORS) which are available over the counter and they do not require any prescription.

The ORS supplies salt, electrolytes and sugar in appropriate quantity so that the electrolyte levels are maintained. The patient must be given apple juice, soda, water or chicken broth.

Even after giving these liquids some patients, particularly children may continue to vomit or suffer from diarrhea. But some portion of the ORS given would have been absorbed by the body and that will gradually supplement the loss of water.

Rush the patient to the physician. The physician may prescribe some ORS directly through the veins of the patient. Breast fed infants must be fed on demand and babies fed with formula should be continued to be fed so, unless the physician advises otherwise.

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