Diarrhea in Children

Diarrhea in Children

Diarrhea in Children - Causes of Diarrhea - Forms of Diarrhea - Types of Diarrhea | Tips on - Find TipsDiarrhea is one of the most common bowel related diseases that ail children. Diarrhea, in its acute form, is a very common cause of death in many countries, including developed countries. It is normal for any healthy child to pass stool once or twice in a day. It can also be seen to be once in two days in some children. Either of the occurrence is the child’s natural toilet habit.

But if the child is seen to pass frequent watery stool then it would be best to observe certain measures and consult the pediatrician immediately.

A few common forms of Diarrhea seen in children

A child can fall prey to the deadly disease due to many reasons but the leading causes can be said to be viral infections, parasites or bacterial contamination. It is also seen to be caused as a result of dairy intake in those who are lactose intolerant. Some of the types of diarrhea that usually affect children are:

Dysentery

This is characterized by bloody stools that are mucousy accompanied by fever, pain in the abdomen and loss of appetite. This is usually caused by bacteria such as Shigella, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia entercolitica and C. difficile. Some common tests for this are an examination for white blood cells or polyps and an examination for blood and a culture.

Protozoal enteric gastroenteritis

This is usually caused by parasites like Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium, or Entamoeba histolytica. The tests that help to detect this form of diarrhea are testing of stool for ova and parasites and Giardia antigen.

Secretory diarrhea

This is caused by cholera toxin secreted by the bacteria Vibrio cholera. The patient passes stool which is watery and carries sodium with it, along with the water.

Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance is caused in children who don’t secrete enough of the enzyme lactase to digest lactose. This is characterized by diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, gas and even weight loss in extreme cases. Avoid giving your child any food which has lactose in it. Look up for a good alternative for your child.

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