Hereditary Disease

Hereditary Disease

Hereditary Disease - Genetic Disorders - Diagnose Hereditary Diseases - Abnormalities in Genes | Tips on - Find TipsBy hereditary diseases we mean those diseases caused as a result of genetic disorders. These are caused as a result of the various abnormalities in genes or chromosomes which we inherit from our parents. Not many are neither aware about the diseases that come under this category nor how to protect their family against them. Let us take a look at a few of the hereditary diseases and what are the tests to diagnose such a condition.

The various Diseases that come under hereditary Diseases:

There are mainly two factors working at the root of all genetic disorders. There are some illnesses which are inherited defects and are influenced only by hereditary factors; these are the pure genetic disorders. On the other hand we also find that such disorders can also be caused by environmental factors. For example, reckless and undisciplined lifestyle, habits and practices increase your chances of falling prey to a hereditary disease that runs in the family.

If we can control these environmental factors properly to our benefit, we can brace ourselves against such deadly diseases with better results. Many times it has also been seen that a person has no family history of a particular disease yet he/she falls prey to it. The reason to be seen is his/her undisciplined and hectic schedule. Thus, let us practise a better disciplined and less stressed lifestyle to cut down on the risk of attracting such diseases.

A few of the commonly seen hereditary diseases that are seen to plague us are Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, few diseases of the nerves, Epileptic Disorder, some mental disorders like Schizophrenic, Depression, breast cancer, at times even colon cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Obesity, Asthma, Glaucoma and Lung cancer.

Tests to diagnose Hereditary Diseases:

For pure genetic disorders:

Before the child’s birth tests like blood tests, alphafoetoprotein and amniotic fluid tests are available during pregnancy which help to find if there are any genetic disorders like down’ syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome in the foetus. Ultrasounds are also done to find if there is any anomaly in the child’s growth.

For Diabetes, diseases of the heart and obesity:

Since environmental factors are equally responsible along with genetic factors for diseases like these, it is advisable to undergo lipid profile, blood sugar, creatinine tests, ECG, allergy test, and eye check-up every 2 years
once you are 30.

For Breast and Colon cancer:

For breast cancer you should go for regular mammograms every 1 or 2 years once you turn 35 and for Colon cancer one must get a colonoscopy done very 3-4 years after turning 40.

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