Psittacosis

Psittacosis

Psittacosis - Psittacosis In Humans - What is Psittacosis - Symptoms of Psittacosis | Tips on - Find TipsPsittacosis is a bacterial disease contracted from birds. It is also known as parrot fever, ornithosis, chlamydosis, or parrot diseases. However, contrary to the names, it is caused not by parrots only. It is a zoonosis as it can affect humans too. Some other birds responsible for psittacosis are budgerigars, cockatiels, macaws, sparrows, gulls, hens, pigeons etc.

People having pet birds at home have an increased chance of getting psittacosis. It spreads through nasal discharges or through feces and the infectious bacteria remains alive for many months.

Some symptoms of psittacosis in humans are as follows:

Chest pain, Pharyngitis, Chills, Fever, Malaise, Epistaxis, Throat sore, Cough, Dyspnea, Headache, Lethargy, Photophobia, Agitation, Diarrhea, Stomach pain, Vomiting, Jaundice, Nausea, Facial rash, Pleural effusion, Pulmonary embolism, Bradycardia, Myocarditis, Pericarditis, Pneumonia, Meningitis, Splenomegaly, Seizures, Encephalitis, CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), Horder spots, Typhoid, Hemolysis, Intravascular coagulation, Erythema multiformeReactive arthritis, Tubulointerstitial nephritis, Glomerulonephritis

People who are associated with birds and poultry cultivation develop psittacosis easily. Normally the incubation period is between 5 to 14 days. Even after it is cured, the bacterial infection may or may not recur.

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Psittacosis

Visit a doctor immediately if you have any of the aforementioned symptoms. One of the methods of diagnosis is microbiological culture of ‘respiratory secretions’. Another way is serologic tests containing immunofluorescent tests.

Initially, doxycycline hyclate will be given. Other drugs such as tetracyclines and chloramphenicol are also given. Oral medications include chloramphenicol palmitate; doxycycline etc. Medication should be continued even after symptoms subside to prevent recurrence. In addition, calcium tablets are not be taken.

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