Tips to Set up Saltwater Aquarium

Tips to Set up Saltwater Aquarium

Tips to Set up Saltwater Aquarium - Aquarium Fishes - Freshwater Aquariums | Tips on - Find TipsA saltwater aquarium is meant to keep only sea fish. For the survival of saltwater fish, the salinity, nitrate content and pH of the aquarium water should be maintained regularly.

Characteristics of aquarium water
In a saltwater fish tank, the pH should not drop below eight. Sea creatures thrive when the pH is between 8.0 and 8.4. Saltwater fish are sensitive to pH fluctuations. You should check the pH of the water regularly, so that it does not drop excessively. The nitrate content of the water should ideally be below 0.5ppm. However, saltwater fish can tolerate up to 20ppm of nitrate in the water. Algae and decomposed food debris are sources of nitrate.

The temperature of the tank water should be ideally between 25 and 27 degree Celsius. Aquarium fishes could not tolerate wide temperature fluctuations. Therefore, ensure that there is a cooler or heater, to maintain the average temperature around the tank. The calcium level in the water should be around 400ppm. The specific gravity of the water should be between 1.020 and 1.030.

Aquarium size
Large sized aquariums are more manageable than the smaller ones. An ideal seawater aquarium should hold between 20 and 55 gallons of water. You might choose a 10 or 15-gallon tank, only if you are sure to make least mistakes in handling the fishes. Larger tanks give the fish greater swimming space, which is good for their health. Compared to freshwater aquariums, seawater tanks hold lesser number of fish per gallon of water. Per 10 gallon of water should hold not more than 10cms of small or medium sized fish or 5cm of fast growing fish variety. Larger tanks need more lighting and better filtration.

Placing the tank
The tank should be placed away from direct sunlight. The stand supporting the tank should be strong enough to withstand the weight of the aquarium.

Substrate
Add crushed dolomite or coral substrate to the tank. The size of the substrates should be between 2 and 5mm. Choose the tank’s filtration according to the substrate. If you want to install non-UGF filter, the tank should not have any substrate. A UGF or RUGF filter plate would withstand 5cm of medium sized substrate covering.

Decoration
Decorate the tank with rocks and corals replicating the reef structure.

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