Types of Venereal Diseases

Types of Venereal Diseases

Types of Venereal Diseases - Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in Women Causes & Symptoms » Diseases Of the VaginaVaginal disorders, though not life-threatening can be troublesome both physically and mentally to a woman. The amount of normal vaginal secretions varies with age, in health and in diseases.

Pregnancy increases vaginal discharges and they are maximum in the early days of puerperium and to a lesser extent, after abortion. It also varies at different times in the menstrual cycle, increasing just before menstruation. Vaginal secretions are largely estrogen dependent in healthy women.

Venereal Diseases: Sexually transmitted diseases have been reported for several centuries. These are:

Gonorrhea: The causative organisms are gram-negative bacteria, called, Neisseria Gonorrhea. Incubation period of the disease varies between 2-10 days. It is estimated that nearly one in seventy nine women above 20 have gonorrhea.

Nearly 80% of the women are symptomatic carriers. Local signs and symptoms may manifest as difficulty in passing urine, yellow purulent discharge from urethra or a per-urethral abscess. Also inflammation of Bartholin and Skene gland is there, bladder may be infected in some cases.

Proctitis (Inflammation of the rectum) occurs in nearly 40% of women. Chronic Gonorrhea is difficult to diagnose since the gonococcus cannot be identified or cultured from the inflammatory lesions.

Syphilis: It is caused by Treponema palladium and is usually transmitted by sexual intercourse. It is usually divided into three stages, based on clinical features. Primary syphilis is the primary lesion or chancre developed in 10-90 days after infection.

The typical primary lesion is circular, painless, indurated with an eroded base, and a marked swelling of surrounding tissues. It may develop on the labia majora or labia minora, near the external urinary meatus, on the clitoris or the cervix. Secondary syphilis is occurrence of generalized skin eruptions, popular lesions covered with scales or sodden white areas occur on the vulva.

Condylomas may occur in the perianal region and then spread to vulva and thighs. The lesions may fuse to form infectious plaques. In late syphilis, gummatous lesions of skin or mucous membranes may occur but these are rarely seen on the genitalia.

Trichomaniasis: This disease accounts for nearly 20% of cases of vulvo-vaginitis. It is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis. Nearly half of the patients who complain of vulval itching harbor this organism. It is almost entirely a disease of child-bearing era. The infection is sexually transmissible, but is usually, acquired by inadequate hygiene or use of an infected persons towel, bath or clothes.

Moniliasis: This is due to gram-positive fungus, Candidalbicans, which is frequently seen in pregnant and diabetic women. Pregnancy favors infection because of increased vaginal acidity and increased glycogen content.

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