What are the Different Types of Kidney Stones

What are the Different Types of Kidney Stones

What are the Different Types of Kidney Stones - Causes of Kidney Stones - Types of Kidney Stones | Tips on - Find TipsKidney

Kidney is a bean shaped organ, the function of which for purifying the blood in the body. Kidney removes the waste from our body through urine.

The urinary tract consist of two bean shaped kidneys for purifying the blood, two ureter, a pair of thick-walled tube shaped structures that transmit urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder, one urinary bladder a membranous sac for holding the liquid and a urethra duct through which urine is discharged.

Kidney Stone

Kidney stone is formed from the salts and minerals in the urine. The salts and minerals in the kidney get solidified to form the stones. These stones if are less than 4 mm will pass through the urine with out any harm.

When the size increases it cause pain and is considered as the hardiest of all pains. Stones are more common in men than in women. Kidney stones some times find their way from kidney to other parts of the urinary tract. In this process of downing the stones may raise infections or blocks. Stones are named differently depending on the place where they are located. They are called

1. Renal calculi which is a calculus in the kidney
2. Ureterolithiasis is the stone in ureter
3. Urolithiasis is stone in urinary tract
4. Nephrolithiasis is the stone in kidney
5. Urinary calculi is the calculus found in the kidney
6. Urinary tract stone disease

Different Types of Stones

1. Calcium Stones

These stones are formed from the excess calcium in the urine. This calcium unites with carbonate, oxalate and phosphate to form the stones. They are dark brown in color and are either smooth or sharp. These are the most common kidney stone found in the people. People having kidney disorders, problems in small intestine, excess vitamin D, hyperparathyroidism are prone to this type of stones.

2. Uric acid Stones

This type of stones is formed from the excess uric acid in the urine. This can be due to dehydration. It is seen in patients having gout, patients undergone chemotherapy etc. They are light brown in color.

3. Struvite Stone

It is formed from the surplus ammonia and magnesium in the urine. They are horn like stones and are large. It is always associated with urinary infections. It is common in women.

4. Cystine Stones

These stones are the results of urine surpluses with cystine. It is crystalline in nature and is yellow in color. It develops at an early age. A person having a hereditary disease of cystinuria has chances for this stone.

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